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构建符合中国实际、具有世界水平的教育评价体系——教育部负责人就《深化新时代教育评价改革总体方案》答记者问

发布时间:2021-10-28 浏览次数: 字体:
近日,中共中央、国务院印发了《深化新时代教育评价改革总体方案》(以下简称《总体方案》)。这是指导深化新时代教育评价改革的纲领性文件。教育部负责人就此接受了记者专访。

1.《总体方案》出台的背景、过程和意义是什么?

da:jiaoyupingjiashiguanjiaoyufazhanfangxiang。xijinpingzongshujigaoduzhongshi,jiushenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigezuochuyixiliezhongyaozhishipishi,tebieshizai2018nian9yue10riquanguojiaoyudahuishangjinxinglejizhonglunshu,mingquetichujianquanlideshurenluoshijizhi,niuzhuanbukexuedejiaoyupingjiadaoxiang,qiangdiaoyoushenmeyangdepingjiazhihuibang,jiuyoushenmeyangdebanxuedaoxiang;yaojianjuekefuweifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozidewanzhangguji,conggenbenshangjiejuejiaoyupingjiazhihuibangwenti,niuzhuanjiaoyugonglihuaqingxiang;duixuexiao、jiaoshi、xuesheng、jiaoyugongzuodepingjiatixiyaogai,jianjuegaibianjiandanyikaofenpaimingpinglaoshi、yikaoshichengjipingxuesheng、yishengxuelvpingxuexiaodedaoxianghezuofa;guojiajiguan、shiyedanwei、guoyouqiyeyaolvxianpochuweimingxiao、weixuelishijudedaoxiang,jianliyipindehenengliweidaoxiangderencaishiyongjizhi,jiquanshehuidaigehaotou,danqiyurendeshehuizeren。2020nian9yue22ri,xijinpingzongshujizaijiaoyuwenhuaweishengtiyulingyuzhuanjiadaibiaozuotanhuishangqiangdiao,yaozhuahaoshenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezongtifanganchutaiheluoshiluodi,goujianfuhezhongguoshiji、juyoushijieshuipingdepingjiatixi。xijinpingzongshujidezhongyaozhishipishiweishenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezhimingleqianjinfangxiang、tigonglegenbenzunxun。

亚博APP weishenruguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujiguanyujiaoyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuijingshen,jiaoyububashenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigezuoweizhongdiangongjianrenwu,zuowei“longtouzhizhan”“zuiyingdeyizhang”,chenglizhuanmengongzuozu,qieshijiaqiangduizheixianggongzuodezuzhiyanjiuhetongchouxiediao。yishishenruxuexizhongyangjingshen。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,shenruxuexilinghuixijinpingzongshujiguanyujiaoyudezhongyaolunshuhequanguojiaoyudahuijingshen,shizhongbawojiaoyupingjiagaigedezhengquefangxiang。ershikaizhanquanmianxitongdiaoyan。shenrukaizhanwenxianyanjiu,fenleikaizhanzhuantiyanjiu,shendufangtanzhuanjiaxuezhe,zhashikaizhanshididiaoyan,guangfantingqugejijiaoyuxingzhengguanlirenyuan、gejigeleixuexiaofuzeren、shishengdaibiao、youguanzhuanjiaheyongrendanweiyijianjianyi。sanshiguangfanzhengqiugefangyijian。wengaoxingchenghou,tongguoshumianhezuotanhuidengduozhongfangshi,zhengqiuyouguanbuwei、difangjiaoyubumen、gejigeleixuexiaodaibiaohebufenrendadaibiao、zhengxieweiyuan、minzhudangpaichengyuan、guojiajiaoyuzixunweiyuanyijianjianyi。sishirenzhenyanjiulunzhengwanshan。wenjianqicaoguochengzhong,tongbujiujiaoyupingjiagaigedezhongyaozhengcediankaizhanlunzheng,duigefangyijianjianyizhuyiyanjiufenxi,buduanxiugaiwanshanwenben,xingcheng《zongtifangan》。

2020nian6yue30ri,xijinpingzongshujizhuchizhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuidishisicihuiyishenyitongguole《zongtifangan》,jinriyouzhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanyinfa。zheishixinzhongguodiyigeguanyujiaoyupingjiaxitongxinggaigedewenjian。《zongtifangan》dechutaishishi,duiyuquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,wanshanlideshurentizhijizhi,pochu“wuwei”wanzhangguji,yindaoquandangquanshehuishulikexuedejiaoyufazhanguan、rencaichengzhangguan、xuanrenyongrenguanjuyouzhongdayiyi,bijiangyouliyutuidonggoujianfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidejiaoyutixi,peiyangdandangminzufuxingdarendeshidaixinren,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanren,jiakuaituijinjiaoyuxiandaihua、jianshejiaoyuqiangguo、banhaorenminmanyidejiaoyu。

2.《总体方案》的基本定位和考虑是什么?

亚博APP da:jiaoyupingjiagaigeshiyixiangshijiexing、lishixing、shijianxingnanti,shejilishiwenhuachuantong、jingjishehuifazhanshuiping、sixiangguanniandengduozhongyinsu,shejidaobutongzhuti,qianyifaerdongquanshen,bixuyigongjiankenandeyongqi、jiujiuweigongderenjing,jinxingxitongsheji、bianzhengshizhi、zhongdiantupo。

亚博APP 《zongtifangan》dejibendingweihekaolvshi:jianchiyilideshurenweizhuxian,yipo“wuwei”weidaoxiang,yiwuleizhutiweizhuashou,zhelizuodaozhengcexitongjicheng、jucuopolijiehe、gaigexietongtuijin。

亚博APP yilideshurenweizhuxian,jiushizheyanyuquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,laojiweidangyuren、weiguoyucaishiming,baluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrenzuoweizhuxian,guanchuanyujiaoyupingjiagaigegexiangrenwushizhong,yindaoquelikexuedeyurenmubiao,quebaojiaoyuzhengquefazhanfangxiang,jiandingbuyizouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyufazhandaolu。

yipo“wuwei”weidaoxiang,jiushicongdangzhongyangguanxin、qunzhongguanqie、shehuiguanzhudewentirushou,jinkoupochu“weifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozi”dewanzhangguji,lizujibenguoqing,jianchijiji、wenshen、wushi,gaijinjieguopingjia,qianghuaguochengpingjia,tansuozengzhipingjia,jianquanzonghepingjia,jidalipochubukexue、buhelidejiaoyupingjiazuofahedaoxiang,youzhelijianlikexuede、fuheshidaiyaoqiudejiaoyupingjiazhiduhejizhi。

亚博APP yiwuleizhutiweizhuashou,jiushilizuquanju,jianchizhengtimouhua、xitongtuijin,zhenduidangweihezhengfu、xuexiao、jiaoshi、xuesheng、shehuibutongzhuti,chongfenkaolvjichujiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyu、gaodengjiaoyubutongjiaoyulingyuhedazhongxiaoyoubutongxueduantedian,fenleifencengyanjiujiaoyupingjiagaigesilu、tichugaigecuoshi、mingqueshishilujing,zengqianggaigedexitongxing、zhengtixing、xietongxing。

3.深化新时代教育评价改革的目标和重点任务是什么?

亚博APP da:《zongtifangan》chongfenkaolvjiaoyupingjiagaigedejianjuxing、zhangqixing,zheyanyuyuzhongguojiaoyuxiandaihuazongtijinchengxiangshiying,fenlianggejieduantichushenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigedemubiao。diyijieduan:jingguo5zhi10niannuli,gejidangweihezhengfukexuelvxingzhizeshuipingmingxiantigao,gejigeleixuexiaolideshurenluoshijizhigengjiawanshan,yindaojiaoshiqianxinyurendepingjiazhidugengjiajianquan,cujinxueshengquanmianfazhandepingjiabanfagengjiaduoyuan,shehuixuanrenyongrenfangshigengjiakexue。dierjieduan:dao2035nian,jibenxingchengfuyoushidaitezheng、zhangxianzhongguotese、tixianshijieshuipingdejiaoyupingjiatixi。

亚博APP 《zongtifangan》weiraodangweihezhengfu、xuexiao、jiaoshi、xuesheng、shehuiwuleizhuti,jianchipolijiehe,zhongdianshejilewugefangmian22xianggaigerenwu。yishigaigedangweihezhengfujiaoyugongzuopingjia。“po”deshiduanshixingweihegonglihuaqingxiang,“li”deshikexuelvxingzhizedetizhijizhi,xiangyingtichuwanshandangduijiaoyugongzuoquanmianlingdaodetizhijizhi、wanshanzhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizepingjia、jianjuejiuzhengpianmianzhuiqiushengxuelvqingxiang3xiangrenwu。ershigaigexuexiaopingjia。“po”deshizhongfenshuqingsuzhidengpianmianbanxuexingwei,“li”deshilideshurenluoshijizhi,xiangyingtichujianchibalideshurenchengxiaozuoweigenbenbiaozhun、wanshanyoueryuanpingjia、gaijinzhongxiaoxuexiaopingjia、jianquanzhiyexuexiaopingjia、gaijingaodengxuexiaopingjia5xiangrenwu。sanshigaigejiaoshipingjia。“po”deshizhongkeyanqingjiaoxue、zhongjiaoshuqingyurendengxingwei,“li”deshiqianxinjiaoxue、quanxinyurendezhiduyaoqiu,xiangyingtichujianchibashideshifengzuoweidiyibiaozhun、tuchujiaoyujiaoxueshiji、qianghuayixianxueshenggongzuo、gaijingaoxiaojiaoshikeyanpingjia、tuijinrencaichenghaohuiguixueshuxingrongyuxing5xiangrenwu。sishigaigexueshengpingjia。“po”deshiyifenshujixueshengtiebiaoqiandebukexuezuofa,“li”deshidezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeyurenyaoqiu,xiangyingtichushulikexuechengcaiguannian、wanshandeyupingjia、qianghuatiyupingjia、gaijinmeiyupingjia、jiaqianglaodongjiaoyupingjia、yangexueyebiaozhun、shenhuakaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige7xiangrenwu。wushigaigeyongrenpingjia。“po”deshiwenpingxuelizhishangdengbuheliyongrenguan,“li”deshiyipindehenengliweidaoxiangderencaishiyongjizhi,xiangyingtichushulizhengqueyongrendaoxiang、cujinrengangxiangshi2xiangrenwu。

4.如何通过评价改革,推进党委和政府科学履职尽责、办好新时代教育?

亚博APP da:jiaoyushiguozhidaji、dangzhidaji。jiaqiangdangduijiaoyugongzuodequanmianlingdao,shibanhaojiaoyudegenbenbaozheng。weituidonggejidangweijinyibujiaqiangduijiaoyugongzuodelingdao,wanshandangzhengzhuyaofuzetongzhishuxijiaoyu、guanxinjiaoyu、yanjiujiaoyudegongzuojizhi,《zongtifangan》tichu:“gaigedangweihezhengfujiaoyugongzuopingjia,tuijinkexuelvxingzhize”,zhuyaoshejilesanxianggaigerenwu。

diyi,wanshandangduijiaoyugongzuoquanmianlingdaodetizhijizhi。zaijianquanlingdaotizhifangmian,tichugejidangweiyaorenzhenluoshilingdaozeren,jianlijianquandangweitongyilingdao、dangzhengqizhuagongguan、bumengefuqizedejiaoyulingdaotizhi,lvxinghaobafangxiang、guandaju、zuojuece、baoluoshidezhize,basixiangzhengzhigongzuozuoweixuexiaogexianggongzuodeshengmingxianjinjinzhuazaishoushang,guanchuanxuexiaojiaoyuguanliquanguocheng,laogushulikexuedejiaoyufazhanlinian,jianjuekefuduanshixingwei、gonglihuaqingxiang。zaiwanshangongzuojizhifangmian,tichugejidangweihezhengfuyaowanshandingqiyanjiujiaoyugongzuojizhi,jianlijianquandangzhengzhuyaofuzetongzhishenrujiaoyuyixiandiaoyan、weishishengshangsizhengke、lianxixuexiaohenianzhongshuzhibishujiaoyugongzuodengzhidu。

亚博APP dier,wanshanzhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizepingjia。zaipingjianeirongshang,tichuduishengjizhengfuzhuyaokaohequanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhenhedangzhongyangguanyujiaoyugongzuodejuecebushu、luoshijiaoyuyouxianfazhanzhanlve、jiejuerenminqunzhongpubianguanxindejiaoyutuchuwentidengqingkuang。zaipingjiafangshishang,jipingguzuizhongjieguo,yekaohenulichengdujijinbufazhan。gedigenjuguojiacengmianquelidepingjianeironghezhibiao,jieheshijijinxingxihua,zuoweiduixiayijizhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizepingjiadeyiju。

disan,jianjuejiuzhengpianmianzhuiqiushengxuelvqingxiang。《zongtifangan》mingquetichu“sanbudeyiyanjin”yaoqiu:gejidangweihezhengfuyaojianchizhengquezhengjiguan,budexiadashengxuezhibiaohuoyizhonggaokaoshengxuelvkaohexiayijidangweihezhengfu、jiaoyubumen、xuexiaohejiaoshi,budejiangshengxuelvyuxuexiaogongchengxiangmu、jingfeifenpei、pingyoupingxiandengguagou,budetongguorenhexingshiyizhonggaokaochengjiweibiaozhunjianglijiaoshihexuesheng,yanjingongbu、xuanchuan、chaozuozhonggaokao“zhuangyuan”heshengxuelv。duijiaoyushengtaiwentituchu、zaochengyanzhongshehuiyingxiangde,yiguiyifawenzezhuize。

亚博APP 《zongtifangan》zaigaigeyongrenpingjiabufen,duidangzhengjiguan、shiyedanwei、guoyouqiyetichulexiangguangaigeyaoqiu。tongshi,《zongtifangan》haicongzhuahaozuzhishishidejiaodu,qiangdiaogejidangweihezhengfuyaojiaqiangzuzhilingdao,bashenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigelieruzhongyaoyishiricheng,jieheshijimingqueluoshijucuo。

5.如何改进评价标准和内容,引导各级各类学校认真落实立德树人根本任务?

亚博APP da:lideshurenchengxiaoshijianyanxuexiaoyiqiegongzuodegenbenbiaozhun。weiyindaogejigeleixuexiaoluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,qieshituidongbalideshurenguanchuanjichujiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyu、gaodengjiaoyugelingyu,《zongtifangan》tichu:jianchibalideshurenchengxiaozuoweigenbenbiaozhun,jiakuaiwanshangejigeleixuexiaopingjiabiaozhun,jiangluoshidangdequanmianlingdao、jianchizhengquebanxuefangxiang、jiaqianghegaijinxuexiaodangdejiansheyijidangjiandaituanjianduijian、zuohaosixiangzhengzhigongzuoheyishixingtaigongzuo、yifazhixiaobanxue、weihuanquanwendingzuoweipingjiaxuexiaojiqilingdaorenyuan、guanlirenyuandezhongyaoneirong,jianquanxuexiaoneibuzhiliangbaozhangzhidu,jianjuekefuzhongzhiyuqingdeyu、zhongfenshuqingsuzhidengpianmianbanxuexingwei,cujinxueshengshenxinjiankang、quanmianfazhan。

jutidaogejigeleixuexiaolaishuo,yishiwanshanyoueryuanpingjia,tichuzhongdianpingjiayoueryuankexuebaojiao、guifanbanyuan、anquanweisheng、duiwujianshe、kefuxiaoxuehuaqingxiangdengqingkuang。ershigaijinzhongxiaoxuexiaopingjia,tichuyiwujiaoyuxuexiaozhongdianpingjiacujinxueshengquanmianfazhan、baozhangxueshengpingdengquanyi、yinlingjiaoshizhuanyefazhan、tishengjiaoyujiaoxueshuiping、yingzaohexieyurenhuanjing、jianshexiandaixuexiaozhiduyijixueyefudan、shehuimanyidudengqingkuang;putonggaozhongzhuyaopingjiaxueshengquanmianfazhandepeiyangqingkuang,tuchushishixueshengzonghesuzhipingjia、kaizhanxueshengfazhanzhidao、youhuajiaoxueziyuanpeizhi、youxutuijinxuankezouban、guifanzhaoshengbanxuexingweidengneirong。sanshijianquanzhiyexuexiaopingjia,tichuzhongdianpingjiazhiyexuexiaodejibingxiu、chanjiaoronghe、xiaoqihezuo、yuxunjiehe、xueshenghuoquzhiyezigehuozhiyejinengdengjizhengshu、biyeshengjiuyezhiliang、“shuangshixing”jiaoshiduiwujianshedengqingkuang。sishigaijingaodengxuexiaopingjia,tichugaijinbenkejiaoyujiaoxuepinggu,tuchusixiangzhengzhijiaoyu、jiaoshouweibenkeshengshangke、shengshibi、shengjunkechengmenshu、youshitesezhuanye、xueweilunwen(biyesheji)zhidao、xueshengguanliyufuwu、xueshengcanjiashehuishijian、biyeshengfazhan、yongrendanweimanyidudeng;gaijinxuekepinggu,qianghuarencaipeiyangzhongxindiwei。

6.如何通过改革教师评价,引导教师更好履行教书育人职责?

da:jiaoshishilijiaozhiben、xingjiaozhiyuan,jiaoshuyurenshijiaoshidediyizhize。weigenghaodiyindaoguangdajiaoshilvxingzhize,《zongtifangan》shejileyixiliegaigerenwu。

diyi,jianchibashideshifengzuoweidiyibiaozhun。tichu:yishijianjuekefuzhongkeyanqingjiaoxue、zhongjiaoshuqingyurendengxianxiang,bashidebiaoxianzuoweijiaoshizigedingqizhuce、yejikaohe、zhichengpingpin、pingyoujianglishouyaoyaoqiu,qianghuajiaoshisixiangzhengzhisuzhikaocha,tuidongshideshifengjianshechangtaihua、zhangxiaohua。ershijianquanjiaoshirongyuzhidu,fahuidianxingshifanyinlingzuoyong。sanshiquanmianluoshixinshidaiyoueryuan、zhongxiaoxue、gaoxiaojiaoshizhiyexingweizhunze,jianlishideshifanxingweitongbaojingshizhidu。sishiduichuxianyanzhongshideshifengwentidejiaoshi,tansuoshishijiaoyuquanxingyejinruzhidu。

亚博APP dier,tuchujiaoyujiaoxueshiji。tichu:yishiqiangdiaobarenzhenlvxingjiaoyujiaoxuezhizezuoweipingjiajiaoshidejibenyaoqiu,yindaojiaoshishanghaomeiyijieke、guanaimeiyigexuesheng。ershizaiyoueryuanjiaoshipingjiafangmian,qiangdiaotuchubaojiaoshijian,bayiyouxiweijibenhuodongcujinertongzhudongxuexihequanmianfazhandenenglizuoweiguanjianzhibiao。sanshizaizhongxiaoxuejiaoshipingjiafangmian,tichutansuojianlizhongxiaoxuejiaoshijiaoxueshupingzhidu,renkejiaoshimeixueqixuduimeigexueshengjinxingxueyeshuping,shupingqingkuangnarujiaoshikaoheneirong;wanshanzhongxiaoxuejiaoshijixiaokaohebanfa,jixiaogongzifenpeixiangbanzhurenqingxie,xiangjiaoxueyixianhejiaoyujiaoxuexiaoguotuchudejiaoshiqingxie。sishizaizhiyexuexiaojiaoshipingjiafangmian,tichujianquan“shuangshixing”jiaoshirending、pinyong、kaohedengpingjiabiaozhun,tuchushijianjinengshuipinghezhuanyejiaoxuenengli。wushizaigaoxiaojiaoshipingjiafangmian,tichubudejiangguo(jing)waixuexijinglizuoweijiaoshipinyonghezhichengpingpindexianzhixingtiaojian;luoshijiaoshoushangkezhidu,duiweidadaoyaoqiudejiyunianduhuopinqikaohebuhegechuli。liushizaijiaoshigongzuolianghedingfangmian,tichubacanyujiaoyanhuodong,bianxiejiaocai、anli,zhidaoxueshengbiyesheji、jiuye、chuangxinchuangye、shehuishijian、shetuanhuodong、jingsaizhanyandengqingkuangjirugongzuoliang。qishizaipingtaijianshehejilijizhifangmian,tichuzhichijianshegaozhiliangjiaoxueyanjiuleixueshuqikan,guligaoxiaoxuebaoxiangjiaoxueyanjiuqingxie;wanshanjiaocaizhiliangjiankonghepingjiajizhi,shishijiaocaijiansheguojiajianglizhidu;wanshanguojiajiaoxuechengguojiangpingxuanzhidudengcuoshi。

亚博APP disan,qianghuayixianxueshenggongzuo。tichu:yishigejigeleixuexiaoyaomingquelingdaoganbuhejiaoshicanyuxueshenggongzuodejutiyaoqiu。ershiluoshizhongxiaoxuejiaoshijiafangzhidu,jiangjiaxiaolianxiqingkuangnarujiaoshikaohe。sanshigaoxiaolingdaobanzichengyuanniandushuzhiyaobashangsizhengke、lianxixueshengqingkuangzuoweizhongyaoneirong。sishiwanshanxuexiaodangzhengguanliganbuxuanbarenyongjizhi,yuanzeshangyingyousizhengkejiaoshi、fudaoyuanhuobanzhurendengxueshenggongzuojingli。wushigaoxiaoqingnianjiaoshijinshenggaoyijizhicheng,zhishaoxuyouyiniandanrenfudaoyuan、banzhurendengxueshenggongzuojingli。

7.如何改进高校教师科研评价,克服“唯论文”等问题?

da:gaoxiaojiaoshishikeyanduiwudezhongyaozuchengbufen,jiaoshikeyanpingjiaduiyujifajiaoshichuangzaoli、tishengxueshuheshehuigongxianshuipingjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。dangqian,“weilunwen”“zhongshuliang、qingzhiliang”dengqingxiangzaigaoxiaokeyanpingjiagongzuozhonghaibijiaotuchu,buliyutigaogaoxiaojiaoshikeyanshuiping。weiyindaoshulikeyanpingjiadezhilianghegongxiandaoxiang,jiakuaipochu“weilunwen”dengtuchuwenti,《zongtifangan》zaigaijingaoxiaojiaoshikeyanpingjiahegaodengxuexiaopingjiazhongfenbiejinxinglezhengcesheji。

diyi,tuchuzhiliangdaoxiang。jiaoshikeyanzhongdianpingjiaxueshugongxian、shehuigongxianyijizhichengrencaipeiyangqingkuang,budejianglunwenshu、xiangmushu、ketijingfeidengkeyanlianghuazhibiaoyujixiaogongzifenpei、jiangliguagou。

dier,shishifenleipingjia。genjubutongxueke、butonggangweitedian,jianchifenleipingjia,tuixingdaibiaoxingchengguopingjia,tansuozhangzhouqipingjia,wanshantongxingzhuanjiapingyijizhi,zhuzhonggerenpingjiayutuanduipingjiaxiangjiehe。tansuoguofangkejidengteshulingyujiaoshikeyanzhuanmenpingjiabanfa。duiqudezhongdalilunchuangxinchengguo、qianyanjishutupo、jiejuezhongdagongchengjishunanti、zaijingjishehuishiyefazhanzhongzuochuzhongdagongxiande,shenbaogaojizhichengshilunwenkebuzuoxianzhixingyaoqiu。

亚博APP disan,gaijingaoxiaoxuekepinggu。qianghuarencaipeiyangzhongxindiwei,danhualunwenshoulushu、yinyonglv、jiangxiangshudengshuliangzhibiao,tuchuxueketese、zhilianghegongxian。

8.如何克服“唯帽子”倾向,推进人才称号回归学术性、荣誉性?

da:weikefurencaipingjiazhongde“weimaozi”wenti,shuliyipinde、nengli、yejiweidaoxiangderencaipingjiabiaozhun,cujinrencaichenghaohuiguixueshuxing、rongyuxingbenzhi,《zongtifangan》tichule5tiaojutijucuo。yishiqieshijingjianrencai“maozi”,youhuazhengheshejiaoyulingyugeleirencaijihua。ershigaijinxuekepinggu,jiuzhengpianmianyixueshutouxianpingjiaxueshushuipingdezuofa,jiaoshichengguoyangeanshumingdanweirending、busuirenzou。sanshibudebarencaichenghaozuoweichengdankeyanxiangmu、zhichengpingpin、pingyoupingjiang、xueweidianshenbaodexianzhixingtiaojian,youguanshenbaoshubudeshezhitianxierencaichenghaolanmu。sishiyijushijigongxianheliquedingrencaixinchou,bujiangrencaichenghaoyuwuzhiliyijiandanguagou。wushigulizhongxibu、dongbeidiqugaoxiao“zhangjiangxuezhe”dengrencaichenghaoruxuanzheyuxuexiaoqiandingzhangqifuwuhetong,weishishiguojiahequyufazhanzhanlvegongxianliliang。

9.如何改变以分数给学生贴标签的做法,促进学生德智体美劳全面发展?

亚博APP da:xueshengshijieshoujiaoyudezhuti,xueshengpingjiashijiaoyupingjiadejichuhuanjie。zhengquedepingjia“zhihuibang”,duicujinxueshengshenxinjiankang、quanmianfazhanjuyoushifenzhongyaodeyiyi。weiniuzhuandangqianxueshengpingjiazhongcunzaideyifenshujixueshengtiebiaoqiandengcuowuqingxiang,《zongtifangan》zheyancujindezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhan,zhuyaoshejile7xianggaigerenwu。

亚博APP diyi,shulikexuechengcaiguannian。zailiniandaoxiangshang,tichu“lianggejianchi”:jianchiyideweixian、nengliweizhong、quanmianfazhan,jianchimianxiangrenren、yincaishijiao、zhixingheyi。zaishishilujingshang,tichuchuangxindezhitimeilaoguochengxingpingjiabanfa,wanshanzonghesuzhipingjiatixi,qieshiyindaoxueshengjiandinglixiangxinnian、houzhiaiguozhuyiqinghuai、jiaqiangpindexiuyang、zengzhangzhishijianshi、peiyangfendoujingshen、zengqiangzonghesuzhi。

亚博APP dier,wanshandeyupingjia。zaimubiaoyinlingshang,tichugenjuxueshengbutongjieduanshenxintedian,kexueshejigejigeleijiaoyudeyumubiaoyaoqiu,yindaoxueshengyangchenglianghaosixiangdaode、xinlisuzhihexingweixiguan,chuanchenghongsejiyin,zengqiang“sigezixin”,lizhitingdanghua、gendangzou,lizhizhagenrenmin、fengxianguojia。zaipingjiafangshishang,tichutongguoxinxihuadengshouduan,tansuoxuesheng、jiazhang、jiaoshiyijishequdengcanyupingjiadeyouxiaofangshi,keguanjiluxueshengpinxingrichangbiaoxianhetuchubiaoxian,tebieshijianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanqingkuang,jiangqizuoweixueshengzonghesuzhipingjiadezhongyaoneirong。

亚博APP disan,qianghuatiyupingjia。zaizongtiyaoqiushang,tichujianlirichangcanyu、tizhijiancehezhuanxiangyundongjinengceshixiangjiehedekaochajizhi,jiangdadaoguojiaxueshengtizhijiankangbiaozhunyaoqiuzuoweijiaoyujiaoxuekaohedezhongyaoneirong。tongshi,fenxueduantichujutiyaoqiu,zhongxiaoxueyaokeguanjiluxueshengrichangtiyucanyuqingkuanghetizhijiankangjiancejieguobingdingqixiangjiazhangfankui;gaijinzhongkaotiyuceshineirong、fangshihejifenbanfa;tansuozaigaodengjiaoyusuoyoujieduankaishetiyukecheng。

disi,gaijinmeiyupingjia。duizhongxiaoxue,tichubazhongxiaoxueshengxuexiyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechengyijicanyuxuexiaozuzhideyishushijianhuodongqingkuangnaruxueyeyaoqiu;tansuojiangyishuleikemunaruzhongkaogaigeshidian。duigaoxiao,tichutuidonggaoxiaojianggonggongyishukechengyuyishushijiannarurencaipeiyangfangan,shixingxuefenzhiguanli。

diwu,jiaqianglaodongjiaoyupingjia。tichu3tiaojucuo:yishishishidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhidaogangyao,mingquebutongxueduan、butongnianjilaodongjiaoyudemubiaoyaoqiu,yindaoxueshengchongshanglaodong、zunzhonglaodong。ershitansuojianlilaodongqingdanzhidu,mingquexueshengcanjialaodongdejutineirongheyaoqiu,rangxueshengzaishijianzhongyangchenglaodongxiguan,xuehuilaodong、xuehuiqinjian。sanshijiaqiangguochengxingpingjia,jiangcanyulaodongjiaoyukechengxuexiheshijianqingkuangnaruxueshengzonghesuzhidangan。

diliu,yangexueyebiaozhun。zaixueyeyaoqiufangmian,tichuwanshangejigeleixuexiaoxueshengxueyeyaoqiu,yanbachukouguan。zaixueyekaopingfangmian,tichuwanshanguochengxingkaoheyujieguoxingkaoheyoujijiehedexueyekaopingzhidu,jiaqiangketangcanyuheketangjilvkaocha。zaixueweilunwenfangmian,tichutansuoxueshixueweilunwen(biyesheji)choujianshidiangongzuo,wanshanboshi、shuoshixueweilunwenchoujiangongzuo,yansuchuligeleixueshubuduanxingwei。zaishixi(shixun)fangmian,tichuwanshanshixi(shixun)kaohebanfa,quebaoxueshengzue、zhenshicanjiashixi(shixun)。

diqi,shenhuakaoshizhaoshengzhidugaige。zaizhonggaokaofangmian,tichuwenbutuijinzhonggaokaogaige,goujianyindaoxueshengdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandekaoshineirongtixi,gaibianxiangduiguhuadeshitixingshi,zengqiangshitikaifangxing,jianshaosijiyingbeihe“jixieshuati”xianxiang。jiakuaiwanshanchu、gaozhongxueshengzonghesuzhidanganjiansheheshiyongbanfa,zhubuzhuanbianjiandanyikaoshichengjiweiweiyibiaozhundezhaoshengmoshi。wanshangaodengzhiyejiaoyu“wenhuasuzhi+zhiyejineng”kaoshizhaoshengbanfa。zaiyanjiushengkaoshizhaoshengfangmian,tichushenhuayanjiushengkaoshizhaoshenggaige,jiaqiangkeyanchuangxinnengliheshijiannenglikaocha。zaizhaoshengzhixufangmian,tichugejigeleixuexiaobudetongguoshezhijiangjindengfangshiweiguizhengqiangshengyuan。zaicujinzhongshenxuexifangmian,tichutansuojianlixuefenyinxingzhidu,tuidongduozhongxingshixuexichengguoderending、jileihezhuanhuan,shixianbutongleixingjiaoyu、xueliyufeixuelijiaoyu、xiaoneiyuxiaowaijiaoyuzhijianhutongxianjie,changtongzhongshenxuexiherencaichengzhangqudao。

10.如何引导社会树立正确用人导向,破除“唯文凭”弊端?

亚博APP da:shehuixuanrenyongrenduiyuyindaoxueshengduoyanghuachengzhangchengcaijuyouzhongyaoqianyinzuoyong。youxieyongrendanweizaizhaopinshiguofenzhuzhonggaoxueligaowenping,youdeshenzhifeimingxiao、haiguibuyao,zheishiyizhongxiandaibande“chushenlun”,buliyushixianrangmeigerendouyourenshengchucaidejihui。weipochu“weiwenping”debiduan,shulizhengqueyongrendaoxiang,zhengxiangqianyinjiaoyushiyejiankangfazhan,《zongtifangan》tichu5tiaojutigaigejucuo。yishitichudangzhengjiguan、shiyedanwei、guoyouqiyeyaodaitouniuzhuan“weimingxiao”、“weixueli”deyongrendaoxiang,jianliyipindehenengliweidaoxiang、yigangweixuqiuweimubiaoderencaishiyongjizhi,gaibianrencai“gaoxiaofei”zhuangkuang,xingchengbujuyigejiangrencaidelianghaojumian。ershitichugejigongwuyuanzhaolu、shiyedanweiheguoyouqiyezhaopinyaoanzhaogangweixuqiuhelizhidingzhaokaotiaojian、quedingxuelicengci,zaizhaopingonggaoheshijicaozuozhongbudejiangbiyeyuanxiao、guo(jing)waixuexijingli、xuexifangshizuoweixianzhixingtiaojian。sanshitichuguifangaoxiaojiaoshipinyonghezhichengpingpintiaojianshezhi,budejiangguo(jing)waixuexijinglizuoweixianzhixingtiaojian。sishitichuzhiyexuexiaobiyeshengzailuohu、jiuye、canjiajiguanqishiyedanweizhaopin、zhichengpingpin、zhiwuzhijijinshengdengfangmian,yuputongxuexiaobiyeshengtongdengduidai。wushitichuyongrendanweiyaokexueheliquedinggangweizhize,jianchiyigangdingxin、anlaoquchou、youlaoyouchou,jianlizhongshiji、zhonggongxiandejilijizhi。

11.对下一步贯彻落实《总体方案》有何考虑?

亚博APP da:shenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigeshiyixiangfuzadexitonggongcheng,xuyaofangfangmianmiantonglipeihe、xietongtuijin。weiquebaogaigequdeshixiao,《zongtifangan》duizuzhishishi、guancheluoshigongzuotichulemingqueyaoqiu。

diyi,yaoluoshigaigezeren。zhongdiantichule6tiaojucuo:yishigejidangweihezhengfuyaojiaqiangzuzhilingdao,bashenhuajiaoyupingjiagaigelieruzhongyaoyishiricheng,genju《zongtifangan》yaoqiu,jieheshijimingqueluoshijucuo。ershigejidangweijiaoyugongzuolingdaoxiaozuyaojiaqiangtongchouxiediao、xuanchuanyindaoheduculuoshi。sanshizhongyangheguojiajiguanyouguanbumenyaojiehezhize,jishizhidingpeitaozhidu。sishigejigeleixuexiaoyaohenzhualuoshi,qieshipochu“wuwei”wanzhangguji。wushiguojiahegesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)xuanzeyoutiaojiandedifang、xuexiaohedanweijinxingshidian,fahuishifandaidongzuoyong。liushijiaoyududaoyaojiangtuijinjiaoyupingjiagaigeqingkuangzuoweizhongyaoneirong,duiweifanxiangguanguidingdeyuyiducujiuzheng,yiguiyifaduixiangguanzerenrenyuanyansuchuli。

亚博APP dier,yaojiaqiangzhuanyehuajianshe。zhongdiantichule8tiaojucuo:yishigoujianzhengfu、xuexiao、shehuidengduoyuancanyudepingjiatixi,jianlijianquanjiaoyududaobumentongyifuzedejiaoyupinggujiancejizhi,fahuizhuanyejigouheshehuizuzhizuoyong。ershiyangekongzhijiaoyupingjiahuodongshulianghepinci,jianshaoduotoupingjia、zhongfupingjia,qieshijianqingjicenghexuexiaofudan。sanshigediyaochuangxinjichujiaoyujiaoyangongzuozhidaofangshi,yangekongzhiyikaoshifangshichoujianpingcexuexiaohexuesheng。sishichuangxinpingjiagongju,liyongrengongzhineng、dashujudengxiandaixinxijishu,tansuokaizhanxueshenggenianjixuexiqingkuangquanguochengzongxiangpingjia、dezhitimeilaoquanyaosuhengxiangpingjia。wushiwanshanpingjiajieguoyunyong,zonghefahuidaoxiang、jianding、zhenduan、diaokonghegaijinzuoyong。liushijiaqiangjiaoshijiaoyupingjianenglijianshe,zhichiyoutiaojiandegaoxiaoshelijiaoyupingjia、jiaoyuceliangdengxiangguanxuekezhuanye,peiyangjiaoyupingjiazhuanmenrencai。qishijiaqiangguojiajiaoyukaoshigongzuoduiwujianshe,wanshanjiaoshicanyumingtihekaowugongzuodejilijizhi。bashijijikaizhanjiaoyupingjiaguojihezuo,canyulianheguo2030niankechixufazhanyichengjiaoyumubiaoshishijiancepinggu,zhangxianzhongguolinian,gongxianzhongguofangan。

disan,yaoyingzaolianghaofenwei。zhuyaotichule4gefangmiandeyaoqiu:yishidangzhengjiguan、shiyedanwei、guoyouqiyeyaolvzhijinze,daidongquanshehuixingchengkexuedexuanrenyongrenlinian。ershixinwenmeitiyaojiadaduikexuejiaoyulinianhegaigezhengcedexuanchuanjiedulidu。sanshiguangdajiazhangyaoshulizhengquedejiaoyuguanhechengcaiguan。sishigediyaozaishenhuagaigeguochengzhongjishizongjiejingyan,kuodagaigeshouyimian。

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